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Beaver Removal & Beaver Trapping

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We use hancock live beaver traps

Beavers are more than intriguing animals with flat tails and lustrous fur. American Indians called the beaver the "sacred center" of the land because this species creates rich habitats for other mammals, fish, turtles, frogs, birds and ducks. Beavers are hard workers and are considered the engineers of the animal kingdom because of the complex dams and lodges they build. Beavers are known for building dams, canals, and lodges (homes). They are the second-largest rodent in the world (after the capybara ). Beavers are responsible for creating many of the woodland ponds that support lush vegetation and eventually become meadows. Beavers are very territorial, and will not allow other beavers into an area that contains an active colony. Any animals relocated can only be released on private ground with written permission, and in 20 years of beaver trapping I have yet to find a property owner who wants them in their lake or pond. Beavers are thrifty and have special stomachs designed to break down wood. They cannot digest all the cellulose (the fibers that make up most of wood) and they excrete the partially digested vegetation. Beavers are born knowing how to build lodges and dams. They stand on their hind legs and cut down trees, while balancing on their tail. Beavers are built for underwater work.
Their noses and ears have valves that close when beavers submerge. Beavers are adaptable and will use whatever materials are available to construct dams ? Therefore, about the only available aquatic habitat beavers avoid are those systems lacking acceptable foods, lodge or denning sites, or a suitable dam site. Beavers are an important part of the environment—but only in territory that doesn’t encroach on human living spaces. Beavers are famously busy, and they turn their talents to reengineering the landscape as few other animals can. When sites are available, beavers burrow in the banks of rivers and lakes. Beavers are built for underwater work. The beaver's large front teeth?or incisors?protrude in front of their lips, enabling them to cut and chew submerged wood without getting water in their mouths. Beavers are really the only wildlife in Wisconsin that will remodel their environment to suit their needs. They dam up small streams to create a pond where they then build a lodge. Beavers are monogamous animals, which means they pair with the same mate for life. Mating takes place during January and February, and kits (young beavers) are born in May or June. Beavers are nocturnal (active at night), but may be seen during the day in late summer and fall when they are busy preparing for winter. They are well known for their ability to build dams, canals and lodges, though most in Illinois live in burrows. Beavers are primarily aquatic and are excellent swimmers.
They use their hind feet, which are webbed, and large, flat tail to propel themselves around the pond. Beavers are herbivores (feeding only on vegetation). They feed on a variety of aquatic plants (especially water lilies) and the shoots, twigs, leaves, roots, and bark of woody plants. Beavers are rodents, and their teeth grow constantly and must be worn down, lest they grow right through their heads. Beavers naturally like to chew things; it?s how they get their food. Beavers are well-known for their engineering abilities. They build dams with brush and tree trunks on a foundation of mud and stones to flood an area for their lodge, to stay safe from predators and promote growth of their favorite foods. Beavers are extremely important for our forests. Beavers are especially active in the autumn as they prepare for the long, cold winter. Branches and sections of felled trees are transported near their lodge where they are stored underwater and called food rafts. Beavers are aquatic rodents which live in rivers, streams, ponds, lakes or other wetland areas. In Indiana, beavers are not uncommon to find in urban and suburban areas. Beavers are one of the few mammals who mate for life. Both parents help take care of the babies. Beavers are hard for an animal to kill because they can dodge into one of their plunge holes. Sometimes a beaver will bite its enemy with its sharp teeth and drag their enemy to the water to drown. Beavers are active through the winter, though most of their activity takes place underwater where they have stored wood they later take into their lodge to eat. But we found signs that at least one had been out since the snow had fallen. Beavers are among the few animals that regularly defecate in water, and their droppings (like those of humans and other mammals) may cause a flu-like infection when contaminated water is ingested.
The technical name for this illness is “giardiasis.” It is more commonly referred to as “giardia”—derived from giardia, the single-cell protozoan that causes the disease. Beavers are adept at keeping populations at just the right level. When an area becomes too populous reproductive rates begin to decline, likewise, beavers tend to produce larger litters when numbers begins to dwindle. Beavers are herbivores and don't eat fish and so won't affect fish stocks. They also clear rivers by using fallen debris for their dams.". Beavers are monogamous, meaning they mate for life. They breed only once a year and give birth to an average of four babies, or “kits”. Beavers are attracted to the sound of running water and if they can hear the water they may try to plug it on the downstream end. Beavers are often known to compare notes on physical appearance. This practice ensures that beavers are generally smooth and moist more so than other animals. Beavers are being reintroduced into pockets of the United States, Scandinavia, and Russia from which they had vanished. However, such introductions may cause problems. Beavers are cute, industrious, ingenious, soft, and life-changing for their immediate environment. The animal's pretty spiffy, too. Beavers are nocturnal animals; while they are seen during the day, much of the beavers' work is accomplished during the evening and night hours. One beaver or two beavers working alternately, can gnaw through the trunk of a tree fairly quickly. Trapping regulations were enacted to protect beavers and this drove up the price of beaver pelts, making them unaffordable to most people.
Trappers need a license to kill them. Traps should be set near natural or artificial scent mounds freshened with a castor- based beaver lure. Level a bed for the trap in 2 to 10 inches of water (the steeper the bank, the deeper the trap bed), and set a No. Trapping is a short-term, and expensive, solution because new beavers almost always re-populate vacant habitat, sometimes within just a few months. However, there are several techniques available to manage the negative aspects of beavers, while still taking advantage of their many benefits. Wooden posts with sheets of wire fencing allow fish to get through but confuse the beavers. Beavers observed in Massachusetts could not get through the wire. Woodpeckers chip cavities in the trunks of trees to build their nests. But few animals (except for humans) have as much of an impact on their environment as the beaver does. Wood chips on the floor of their lodge absorb moisture, and a vent lets in fresh air. Even in the coldest weather, the temperature inside a beaver lodge stays around 32 degrees. Tree cutting is undesirable to landowners who want to protect their trees. Dam building is a more serious matter, resulting in flooding forest and farm lands, plugged culverts and the washout of roads.
Tree bark is chewed off for food in a process called ?girdling,? Since food and water move through the inner bark, girdling almost always results in the tree?s death. Trees can also be treated with a bitter-tasting, commercial repellent called Ropel or a mixture of masonry sand and exterior paint to prevent beavers from gnawing on them. For the sand/paint mixture, choose an exterior latex paint color that matches the color of the tree's bark and add 30 or 70 milligrams of mason sand  Dams can slow the flow of water in streams and cause silt to build up and some species can loose habitat. Dams can also cause flooding in low lying areas. Dams are unnecessary since the rivers remain deep and unfrozen. Call a timber company who deals with this problem continually. They know the least costly and most effective means of saving trees. Caleb learned that it’s really fun to run around a museum and stare at people.