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Birds / Woodpeckers


Woodpeckers are marvelous examples of evolution because their bodies are perfectly adapted to fit a very specific niche in nature. The feet of a woodpecker are particularly designed for grasping, clinging and climbing on vertical surfaces. Woodpeckers are an important predator of insects. Because woodpeckers prefer soft or dead wood, it is important to leave dead trees standing where possible to provide critical habitat for woodpeckers and other species. Woodpeckers are different, because 2 toes go forward and 2 go back. It’s like having an extra thumb to help them hold on.

Woodpeckers are a family of birds sharing several characteristics that separate them from other avian families. Most of the special features of their anatomy are associated with the ability to dig holes in wood. Woodpeckers are another example of a cavity nesters - that is - they lay their eggs in holes in trees. The common practice of cutting down all the standing dead trees in an area for firewood hurts nesting woodpeckers as well as many other birds and animals. Woodpeckers are often termed "core species" because their presence is a fundamental requirement to the existence of a wide range of other birds. Woodpeckers drill new nest holes each year, and thus many old nest cavities are available for a entire suite of hole-nesting species.

Woodpeckers are made for tree living. Their feet are specially adapted with two toes pointing forward and two toes pointing to the rear with sharp pointed claws great for scaling up and down vertical surfaces. Woodpeckers are an important part of the forest. They hunt for insects by drilling holes in dead wood. Woodpeckers are persistent and not easily coaxed away from their favorite sites. Therefore it's crucial to hang repellents immediately when damage is noticed and before territories are set.

Woodpeckers are small to large birds, mostly boldly-patterned, sharing features such as a sharp, chisel-like bill, round head, broad wings and a stiff tail, often used as a prop when perched upright on a tree. They also have two toes facing forwards and two back to give a better grip on rounded branches. Woodpeckers are small birds (7–15 inches in length) and usually have brightly contrasting colors (often black, white, and red). They have short legs with two sharp-clawed, backward-pointed toes and stiff tail feathers for support. Woodpeckers are best known as the family that chisel into tree trunks with their beaks. Most species eat insects that they prise out of wood with their beaks and tongue, but the sapsucker consumes tree sap.

Woodpeckers are protected by law, may not be trapped or otherwise harassed, and may not be killed. Woodpeckers are searching for insects like carpenter bees or termites. Spray inside any small holes and seal them up. Woodpeckers are beneficial birds that feed mostly on insects. They are protected by both federal and state laws.

Woodpeckers are commonly protected under state laws, and in those instances a state permit may be required for measures that involve lethal control or nest destruction. Other methods of reducing woodpecker damage do not infringe upon their legal protection status. Woodpeckers are an interesting and familiar group of birds. Their ability to peck into trees in search of food or excavate nest cavities is well known. Woodpeckers are very beneficial to our environment. They eat thousands of wood boring insects and other garden pests.

Woodpeckers are small, medium and medium-large sized, for the most part, arboreal birds, generally recognizable by their physiology and habits. Typically, woodpeckers have chisel-like bills that are used primarily for excavating nest and roost holes in trees and other suitable plant material. Woodpeckers are usually a nuisance when they are banging on a gutter or house siding. In the spring, especially, these birds can be quite the drummers as they ring out their invitation for a mate or warn other males that they have staked out a territory. Woodpeckers are known to respond to hawk calls by approaching the sound and sometimes vocalizing; playback of hawk calls therefore allows us to monitor both species groups simultaneously!

Woodpeckers are beautiful small to large birds that live in most temperate regions. They are colorful, cute and subsist by digging insects and other foray out of trees and bark with their sharp resilient beaks. Woodpeckers are strongly territorial and call regularly throughout the day, and throughout the year, to defend their breeding (or feeding) range. Many of the larger species, such as the Bearded Woodpecker knock their bills against wood at high speed to create a loud drumming sound which may carry for several kilometres.

Species of woodpecker and flicker that use their bills in soil or for probing as opposed to regular hammering tend to have longer and more decurved bills. Due to their smaller bill size, many piculets and wrynecks will forage in decaying wood more often than woodpeckers. Species that cannot do this, but which use holes created by others, are known as "secondary cavity-users". Black Woodpecker is Europe's largest primary excavator and is an important bird as it provides tree-holes for many other animals such as Stock Dove (as in photo here by Laszlo Becsy in Hungary), Jackdaw, Tawny and Tengmalm's Owls, mammals such as Red Squirrel, Pine Marten, dormice, various bats and even bees, wasps and other insects.

Woodpeckers can be found in wooded areas all over the world, except in Australia.� The ivory-billed woodpecker was rediscovered in Arkansas in 2006. According to scientists, there may be a second population in the cypress forests of Florida’s panhandle. Woodpeckers help to control pest insect populations. However, woodpeckers are also blamed for damage to buildings and agricultural crops. Woodpeckers have special feet. While most tree-dwelling birds have three toes going forward and one going back, in woodpeckers two go forward and two back.

Woodpeckers have short legs with two sharp-clawed, backward-pointed toes and stiff tail feathers, which serve as a supportive prop. These physical traits enable them to cling easily to the trunks and branches of trees, wood siding, or utility poles while pecking. Woodpeckers can be found just about anywhere there are trees. If you have large, old trees in your yard or live near a park or woodlot, you may have one or more species of woodpeckers in the neighborhood. Woodpeckers have stiff tail feathers which act as a brace for moving along vertical tree trunks. Their feet are also adapted for climbing and hanging.

Woodpeckers occasionally drill on houses to obtain insects in the wood. Since insects seldom infest well-seasoned wood in Colorado, woodpeckers hammer holes to obtain insects primarily during the first two years after house construction. Woodpeckers drum for two reasons: to get food and to stake out their territory. Chances are if you?ve got drumming going on in the spring, it?s a woodpecker claiming his territory by battering your home?letting other woodpeckers know that your home is his turf. Woodpeckers really go for suet. You can buy suet cakes in many supermarkets and at other stores that sell bird food.

Woodpeckers peck on everything from trees, wooden shingles, cedar siding, metal, plastic materials and even light posts. Woodpeckers hammer on the sides of houses and other buildings to attract mates, to establish and/or defend a territory, to excavate nesting or roosting sites, and to search for insects. Wooden shingles, cedar or redwood siding, metal or plastic guttering, television antennas and light posts are selected as drumming sites because these materials produce loud sounds. Woodpeckers sometimes damage decaying wood siding on houses in search of insects. They may even attempt to excavate a nesting cavity if the siding is soft enough and insects are plentiful.

Woodpeckers need dead or dying trees, (also known as snags), to excavate their nesting cavities. With the growth of cities, the availability of snags has decreased significantly and challenges the woodpeckers to find suitable alternatives. Woodpeckers even chisel away at creosote-soaked utility poles with no harmful effects to the bird. Woodpeckers can also cause significant damage to the sides of buildings, telephone poles, eaves, fences, etc., by pecking holes into the surface. The holes are usually caused by 1 or 2 birds during the spring time mating season.

Woodpeckers often break out these core gaps, leaving characteristic, narrow horizontal damage patterns in their search for insects. Woodpeckers drill holes for a variety of reasons. One of the most obvious is to excavate a cavity for nesting or roosting and another is to search for food. Woodpeckers can be found throughout the state.

Woodpeckers live in a wide variety woodlands. Woodpeckers forage for insects that live under the bark of trees and inside rotting wood. Woodpeckers don't like shiny objects. If you don't have mylar, use tin foil or small mirrors. Woodpeckers also drum to attract mates and to announce the boundaries of their territories. Pairs establish territories and live on them all year long.

Wood chips need to be littered on the floor for a �natural cavity� feel. Nest boxes should be mounted out of reach, about 8 feet or higher, on trees found in a clearing or on woodland edges. Woodpecker prefers open ponderosa pine forests especially near water or within recently burned areas. Within this habitat, bushy areas are required for foraging and large wildlife trees are needed for nesting. Woodpecker damage occurs where boards overlap. Summer damage occurs because leaf cutter bees have paralyzed spiders, stuffed them into the core gaps, laid their eggs on the spiders, and sealed the gaps with leaf fragments.

Woodpeckers foraging alone showed high levels of vigilance as measured by head-cocking rates, and low feeding rates. Woodpeckers foraging with one or two flock members showed intermediate rates of head-cocking and feeding, while woodpeckers foraging with flocks of three or more birds showed low head-cocking rates and high feeding rates. Woodpeckers share several important adaptations to lives spent pounding on hard wood. Their feet allow them to cling closely to the trunks of trees; their stiff tail feathers serve as braces.

Black stripe between two white stripes on side of head. Upper narrow arched white stripe extends back from the eye. Black, white, and various shades of gray and brown dominate the colors most commonly found in woodpecker plumage, with green also being seen on some species outside North America. Many woodpecker species exhibit patches of red and yellow on their heads and bellies, and these bright areas play a role in signaling. Black rat snakes often prey on Downy eggs and nestlings, as do flying, red, and eastern grey squirrels. The narrow entrance to the Downy Woodpecker?s nest protects both the adults and the young from practically all predators except snakes.

Drumming also tells other birds to stay off his turf. Woodpeckers believe that louder is better. Drumming can occur year-round but is usually most intense during the breeding season, especially during early spring, when birds defend territories and attract mates. A male woodpecker may drum regularly until he attracts a female; females may also drum.

Bird exhibits at the zoo are set up to mimic the same habitat the individuals would have in the wild. Woodpeckers hammer out holes in trees not only to look for food, but also to build nests. Birds in the Pacific Northwest are brown and black (rather than white and black); they look coffee-stained. Interestingly, Downy Woodpeckers show these same regional patterns of variation. Bird scare tape, also called "flash tape," is a thin shiny ribbon of mylar. It is silver on one side and colored on the other.

Birdfeeding comes with responsibilities to the birds and the environment we share with them. If you are unwilling to accept these responsibilities, you shouldn?t feed the birds. Birding is a game built on trust.

Red-headed woodpeckers are foragers typically seen on tree trunks and limbs. Their diet includes fruit, nuts, seeds, insects, small vertebrates, bird eggs and small birds. Red-cockaded Woodpecker is a rare bird of southeastern pine forests. It has a barred back and white cheek. Red-bellied Woodpeckers bring bright colors and entertaining action to bird feeders. If you live near any wooded patches, you may be able to attract them using feeders filled with suet (in winter), peanuts, and sometimes sunflower seeds.

Red-bellied and other woodpeckers are important nest providers for many other species. The holes they excavate in dead trees, poles, and fence posts are used by bluebirds, wrens, chickadees, and titmice to name just a few. Red-headed woodpeckers ( Melanerpes erythrocephalus ), striking black, white and red birds, nest sporadically in the southern third of the province. On rare occasions (six reports in the last forty years) Lewis?s woodpecker ( M. Red-headed woodpeckers typically forage alone or in small groups. In the winter they are often found in nut-bearing trees suck as oaks and hickories across southern Canada and the eastern-central United States, including Oklahoma.

Males have a solid red spot on the back of their heads. Their bills are short, considerably smaller relative to their head size than those of hairy woodpeckers, which they resemble. Males have a red patch on the back of the head. Juveniles may have a wash of red, orange, or (rarely) yellow on the crown. Males tend to forage along trunks and large branches while females target slimmer, higher branches.

Males compete vigorously with other males for feminine attention, sometimes, in a jealous pique, disrupting the mating process. Females compete with other females for nesting privileges, quarreling over space in the communal wood-chip-lined nesting cavity and destroying the eggs of their rivals.

Groups engage in a many communal activities, incuding territorial defense, feeding of young at the communal nest and acorn storage in special trees known as GRANARIES. Stored acorns are an important food resource, both during the winter and for successful reproduction the following spring. Groups are the standard counting measure for RCWs, which live in cooperative colonies.

Pileated Woodpeckers are the largest species, they're the ones that have a red crown, almost similar to what you'd see on a Cardinal. Woodpeckers have some interesting adaptations to live on trees. Pileated Woodpeckers are the largest woodpeckers in North America (with the exception of the Ivory-billed Woodpecker, which probably no longer lives within the borders of the United States). A broad white stripe on each side of their faces below their eyes continues down along each side of their necks. Pileated woodpeckers are known for their major excavations, particularly for their distinctive rectangular or oval nesting holes (other woodpeckers make round or nearly-round holes). Woodpecker holes can become valuable nesting and den habitat for a successive variety of other animals, including owls and flying squirrels.


Pigeons are housed in hutches. Hutches are rather large outdoor/indoor cages fashioned from a small outbuilding. Pigeons are opportunists and will take advantage of the easy availability of food, water, and shelter found in urban areas. Efforts should be made to remove food attractants, such as open garbage containers and food scattered around dumpsters or parking lots. Pigeons are not parrots get my point. WOuld you put your prize pigeon at risk of dying oh hell no that bird can make you a lot of money how about a horse crammed into a horse trailer on a hot day that must suck.


Pigeons are also unusually skilled in finding water and food sources, and rarely have trouble. Individual pigeons can have a home range of 150 miles, although most will stay close to home, which is generally considerably less than 25 miles or so. Pigeons aren’t that complicated and apparently solely interested in the food (reward). Students might be not that interested in the ‘reward’ at all. Pigeons are strong fliers and can fly up to 40 or 50 miles per hour. Some pigeons are raised for their exceptional abilities to fly fast and find their ways home.


Pigeons are very clever and can find there way home 100′s of miles away. I use to enter a yearly race, over 1000 kilometers and my birds would always return. Pigeons are domesticated animals raised for sport racing, show and for food (squab). The ancestors of the pigeons we see in our cities and on our farms escaped from captivity and found a favorable environment living with humans. Pigeons are sexually mature at about seven to eight months. The female will breed for approximately eight years and the male for five years.


Pigeons are monogamous and will lay one to two eggs which hatch within eighteen days. Young are fed "pigeon milk" which is regurgitated food from both males and females. Pigeons are non-migratory, flourishing in large cities throughout the world and other human-inhabited areas. Pigeons are very social birds and although they tend to breed and roost in groups, they are usually monogamous and pair for life unless one partner dies. Pigeons are monogamous, having only one mate at a time, and pigeon populations usually have an equal number of males and females. The male cares for and guards the female and the nest.


Pigeons are descendants of domesticated European homing pigeons, so they have a varied diet and feel at ease making their homes in man-made structures. Generally blue-grey in color, with irridescent feathers on the head and neck, problem pigeons often have markings in black, white or brown on the wings and neck. Pigeons are attracted to open areas where they can find food on the ground. However, seed on the ground can attract rodents, so it?s best to provide only as much food as the pigeons can eat during their visit, or offer grain such as dried corn, peas, or sorghum on a platform feeder. Pigeons are freaking gross and scary. Once I was sitting at this park, people feed them crackers or whatever .I thought it was cool, then one 2, 3 pigeons walked over to me I thought cute, but then I saw their toes some had 5 or less.


Pigeons are historically fantastic messengers. Bloggers are messengers, too, their goals being to enlighten, entertain, educate and illustrate. Pigeons are superstitious, and I'm afraid that most of us are as well. There's plenty we do -- plenty we've always done -- that has nothing to do with what actually works. Pigeons are considered to be one of the most intelligent birds on the planet with pigeons being able to undertake tasks previously thought to be the sole preserve of humans and primates. The pigeon has also been found to pass the ‘mirror test’ (being able to recognise its reflection in a mirror) and is one of only 6 species, and the only non-mammal, that has this ability.


Pigeons are friendly, affectionate social creatures, preferring the company of the flock than to going it alone. It's rare for pigeons ever to express aggression. Pigeons are born blind with little or no down, so they looked like raw, red, plucked chickens. I developed an aversion to eating chicken. Pigeons are usually larger but all the species share some interesting characteristics. They can all drink with their heads down unlike other birds that must tip their heads back to swallow liquid.


Pigeons are not the only source of this pathogen. It can also be found in bat droppings or in the soil, and is carried by the wind.



Bird-X also makes the bird spikes mentioned above. Birders often reluctantly put them on their lists, but usually don’t study them long. Birds that consume sufficient amounts of the treated bait usually die. The dying birds exhibit distress behavior that frightens other members of the flock away.

Dove is also a term of endearment in the Song of Songs and elsewhere. Doves and pigeons are considered to be "game birds" as many species have been hunted and used for food in many of the countries in which they are native. It is very common for people who keep quail and pheasants to also raise pigeons and doves. Dovecotes were also built in parks. Some still exist today.

Humans can think about an indefinite variety of things. Although the basic principles of categorization shade into human cognition, and many "implicit" solutions found by humans to artificial categorization problems are best explained in simple associative terms (Mackintosh, 1995), language clearly involves far more than mere categorization. Human critics will no longer have to wring their hands and puff themselves up in the act of judgment.

Traps can be made at home as well. Traps should be baited with some type of grain, chicken scratch being the most economical. Trapping pigeons in warehouses or enclosed areas is also an effective method to control the population. Various types of live-traps can be used to remove pigeons.

Feed the birds some pellets after calling them in the morning and 30 gm grain per bird but only in the evening after their exercise and shortly before darkening the loft. Any bird not eager to fight for its place on the feed trough at this time would be suspect of being ill. Feed a pigeon or a flock of pigeons a diet of good quality mixed grain and add treats that are similar .